This volume is a summary of material presented in the course given in the International School of Phannacology on "Drug Epidemiology and Post-Marketing Surveillance" between September 27 and October 8, 1990, at the "Ettore Majorana Center for Scientific Culture" in Erice, Sicily. The course, which was a NATO Advanced Study Institute, included lectures and workshops presented by experts in the new field of phannacoepidemiology. The material covered includes various approaches to spontaneous reporting of adverse drug reactions, including aggregate approaches, such as those used in France, and detailed analyses of individual reports, such as that done in The Netherlands and in Sweden. Also, included are studies using traditional epidemiology methods. In addition, modern pharmacoepidemiology makes considerable use of automated databases. As such, information is presented on their use as well. Phannacoepidemiology started in hospitals and some of the newest work in the field is returning to the hospital as a site for studies. Material on these topics was presented as well. Finally, selected new methodologic developments were outlined in specific examples presented that were of regulatory and commercial importance. This new field of phannacoepidemiology is exploding in interest internationally. Evidence of this is the increasing development of pharmacoepidemiology programs in industry, medical schools, pharmacy schools, and schools of public health. Also, there is a new International Society ofPhannacoepidemiology. Practitioners in this field tend to specialize in either analyses of spontaneous reporting or the use of formal epidemiologic techniques.
In the early 1990s, financial liberalization started in India, and it was thought that such reforms would increase economic growth. This argument formed part of the finance led industrialization hypothesis and although higher growth resulted, higher industrialization did not immediately.
This book is the first study to comprehensively apply the flow of funds model for India.
India's Emerging Financial Market provides a thorough and rigorous analysis of policy responses in India and will be of interest to academics working on development economics in general and South Asia in particular.
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When shy Brook Adams takes a dare head-on at a friends' bachelorette party and kisses a total stranger, sparks fly. The only problem is, she runs out of the bar without getting his name, and she just can't get him out of her mind. After spending months thinking about her chance encounter with her handsome stranger, fate brings them together again. Soon after, she starts to feel that someone is following her, and when she receives an anonymous threatening letter to end her relationship or die, Luke is determined to protect her.
This book provides what international trade law has hitherto lacked: a coherent analysis of 'product likeness' under Article III of the GATT. Christian A. Melischek develops an economic approach to the interpretation of 'like' products on the basis of a comparative analysis with antitrust theories on market definition. Not only does he propose a specific substantive economic test to render the notion of product likeness operational, but he also examines the institutional and procedural frameworks for expert economic evidence necessary to implement an economic approach to the interpretation of product likeness. On a methodological level, the book adds a new interdisciplinary dimension to the legal debate by exploring the use of quantitative and econometric methods for the implementation of the proposed economic test.
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