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This book records the first success stories of a new form of financial intermediation, the hometown investment fund, that has become a national strategy in Japan, partly to meet the need to finance small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) after the devastating earthquake and tsunami in March 2011. The hometown investment fund has three main advantages. First, it contributes to financial market stability by lowering information asymmetry. Individual households and firms have direct access to information about the borrowing firms, mainly SMEs, that they lend to. Second, it is a stable source of risk capital. The fund is project driven. Firms and households decide to invest by getting to know the borrowers and their projects. In this way the fund distributes risk but not so that it renders risk intractable, which was the problem with the "originate and distribute" model. Third, it contributes to economic recovery by connecting firms and households with SMEs that are worthy of their support. It also creates employment opportunities, at the SMEs as well as for the pool of retirees from financial institutions who can help assess the projects. Introduction of the hometown investment fund has huge global implications. The world is seeking a method of financial intermediation that minimizes information asymmetry, distributes risk without making it opaque, and contributes to economic recovery. Funds similar to Japan's hometown investment fund can succeed in all three ways. After all, the majority of the world's businesses are SMEs. The first chapter explains the theory behind this method, and the following chapters relate success stories from Japan and other parts of Asia. This book should encourage policymakers, economists, lenders, and borrowers, especially in developing countries, to adopt this new form of financial intermediation, thus contributing to global economic stability.
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Private investment funds are currently investing more capital than ever and the funds themselves are larger than ever. The industry's success comes against a backdrop of the continued fallout from the 2008 financial crisis, from evolving market trends and from increasing regulatory and tax compliance. In relation to structuring, fund-raising, making deals, managing exits fund sponsors, maintaining investor relations and dealing with the press, investors and their advisers are faced with unprecedented challenges and opportunities. This practical guide features contributions by leading industry specialists on a wide range of issues arising at all stages of a private investment fund's life cycle. Topics covered include formation and structuring, regulatory matters, limited partner issues and negotiations, deal-level considerations, environmental concerns and end-of-fund-life procedures, as well as jurisdictional/offshore matters, their jurisdictional differences and choice drivers (eg Luxembourg, the Cayman Islands and the Channel Islands). The guide also sets out and explores the particular issues presented in relation to listed funds, start-up and spin-out funds, real estate funds, infrastructure and energy funds, and secondary transactions. In consequence, this publication provides a wide-ranging and practical guide to the legal, regulatory, tax and commercial elements of establishing and operating private investment funds. Practitioners and other industry participants are likely to gain significant benefit from applying its contents within their own environment.
This text is the Australasian adaptation of Peter Doyle?s Value-Based Marketing. It reformulates marketing, making it more relevant and establishing it on a sounder intellectual basis. The governing objective of management in most of today?s leading companies is to maximize long-term returns to shareholders. This book redefines marketing?s role as contributing to this task of shareholder value creation. It explores how marketing planning and decisions about brands, pricing, communications, distributions, and the Internet drive corporate value. This step-by-step guide provides practical ways to develop marketing strategies that generate growth and shareholder value.
The economic empowerment of women is increasingly seen as one of the most important forces behind economic growth and the fight against poverty. Indeed, women's economic participation in an economy as entrepreneurs, employees, and leaders is recognized as a measure of a country's dynamism and viability. 'Gender Dimensions of Investment Climate Reform' provides fresh solutions to common issues that women entrepreneurs face. It presents actionable, replicable, and scalable tools for promoting gender-sensitive investment climate reforms that would benefit both women and men. The book enables development practitioners and policy makers who are not gender specialists to diagnose gender issues in an investment climate; design creative and practical solutions and recommendations for addressing gender constraints; and monitor and evaluate the implementation of those recommendations.
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