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Most of us would accept that recent large economic fluctuations have been caused by crashes of speculative bubbles in asset markets. For example, few would disagree that the most important cause of the global financial crisis in 2008 was the collapse of an unprecedented bubble in U.S. housing markets. However, the reasons why bubbles frequently occur in various financial markets, and why bubbles collapse are not always well understood. The book provides a new theoretical explanation of bubbles and crashes to help answer questions relating to how asset bubbles come about, why they persist, and the causes of the subsequent crashes.
In this innovative volume, Taisei Kaizoji proposes a stock market model in which noise traders and fundamentalists who follow the traditional asset pricing model coexist. A distinctive feature of this study is that the so called noise-trader's behavior is modeled in a framework of Keynes' beauty contest metaphor. The author elucidate a mechanism in which (i) noise-traders' herd behavior gives cause to a bubble, and (ii) their trading momentum prolongs the bubble, (iii) the bubble inevitably results in a crash, and (iv) the cycles of bubble and crash are repeated. The results give a possible theoretical solution to the equity premium puzzle. This model will deepen our understanding of the mechanism of bubbles and subsequent crashes and help to bring about an innovation in financial economics which allow us to consider the laws of capitalist economies in a new light.
Since the US stock market crashed on October 19, 1987, many studies have been conducted to learn from this experience in the hopes of avoiding a similarly adverse future fall. The book, originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Financial Services Research, considers some of the important policy adjustments that have been implemented in the wake of the 1987 crash. Taken separately and together, these five papers offer a synthesis and summary of the most important policy innovations that have evolved since the largest single-day decline in stock market history.
Attempting to reveal the real causes of the 1929 stock market crash, Bierman refutes the popular belief that wild speculation had excessively driven up stock market prices and resulted in the crash. Although he acknowledges some prices of stocks such as utilities and banks were overprices, reasonable explanations exist for the level and increase of all other securities stock prices. Indeed, if stocks were overpriced in 1929, then they more even more overpriced in the current era of staggering growth in stock prices and investment in securities. The causes of the 1929 crash, Bierman argues, lie in an unfavorable decision by the Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities coupled with the popular practice known as debt leverage in the 1920s corporate and investment arena. This book extends Bierman's argument in an earlier book, The Great Myths of 1929 and the Lessons to Be Learned (Greenwood, 1991), in which he discussed and refuted seven myths about 1929 but could not explain the crash. He now believes he has a reasonable explanation. He also examines the actions of Charles E. Mitchell and Sam Insull and their subsequent unjust criminal prosecution after the crash of the 1929 stock market.
The Market of Virtue - Morality and Commitment in a Liberal Society is a contribution to the present controversy between liberalism and communitarianism. This controversy is not only confined to academic circles but is becoming of increasing interest to a wider public. It has become popular again today to criticize a liberal market society as being a society in which morality and virtues are increasingly being displaced by egoism and utility maximization. According to this view the competition between individuals and the dissolution of community ties erode the respect for the interests of others and undermine the commitment to the common good. The present book, however, develops quite a different picture of a liberal society. An analysis of its fundamental principles shows that anonymous market-relations and competition are by no means the only traits of a liberal society. Such a society also provides the framework for freedom of cooperation and association. It gives its citizens the right to cooperate with other people in pursuit of their own interests. Just as the rivalry between competitors is a basic element of a liberal society so is the cooperation between partners. Thus not only self-centred individualism is rewarded. The main part of the book explains how the freedom to cooperate and to establish social ties lays the empirical foundation for the emergence of civil virtues and moral integrity. It is the basic insight of this analysis that it can no longer be maintained that a liberal society is incapable of producing moral attitudes and social commitment. If a civil society can develop under a liberal order, then one can reckon with citizens who voluntarily contribute to public goods and who commit themselves of their own accord to the society, its constitution and institutions.
"A scorching August day turns into an ice-tastrophe for party planner Liv McKay. As Liv goes to store away the ice sculpture for the Erdman's Moonshine and Mangnolias themed party she finds the freezer not full of venison and catfish as expected, but instead the bodies of the Farrell brothers. Now it's up to Liv and best friend Di Souther to unravel the crime before it unravels the stitches of the close-knit community of Dixie, Tennessee. But things stop being all fun and party games when Liv's husband is hauled in for questioning by the police. Now Liv and Di must brave the perils of breaking and entering, and off-key karaoke, as they stalk a murderer. But, when the pair stumbles onto the truth and fall into the hands of a killer, it appears Liv's next party might be her own funeral."
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