Libertarianism attempts to establish a set of property rights as a complete political morality, its argument proceeding from liberty tout court, as the unique foundational aspect of well being that grounds rights. In this book, Attas presents a sympathetic reconstruction of the libertarian argument and then brings to bear a critical evaluation leading to an ultimate rejection of libertarianism. Exposing the limitations of libertarianism and disclosing its errors, Attas argues that the rights which libertarians adopt with respect to persons (self-ownership), natural resources (original acquisition) and products are indefensible given what liberty must be.
The relationship between a market and a consumer is complex. Far from simply an exchange of services there is an often complex transaction of feeling, meaning and experience. How does the study of relationship marketing interpret this? In this exciting new book the authors explore the factors of relationship marketing in its contemporary context, with the consumer in mind. From the experience of a football club supporter to experiences of gap year travel, to text messaging behaviour, and to using the library, the focus of this text is on the consumer perspective. From this angle, issues of relationship marketing, and its management, take on a new and exciting bearing. Topics examined include: frameworks for analyzing the consumer experience; consumer communities; issues of customer loyalty; the impact of ICT on relationship marketing; and the creative consumer. Each chapter is supported by - or based on - an in-depth case study, many of which are drawn from the authors' research.
Winner of the 2003 Paul A. Samuelson Award for Outstanding Scholarly Writing on Lifelong Financial Security presented by the TIAA-CREF Institute In this book, Peter Diamond analyzes social security as a particular example of optimal taxation theory. Assuming a world of incomplete markets and asymmetric information, he uses a variety of simple models to illuminate the economic forces that bear on specific social security policy issues. The focus is on the degree of progressivity desirable in social security and the design of incentives to delay retirement beyond the earliest age of eligibility for benefits. Before analyzing these models, Diamond presents introductions to optimal income tax theory and the theory of incomplete markets. He incorporates recent theoretical developments such as time-inconsistent preferences into his analyses and shows that distorting taxes and a measure of progressivity in benefits are desirable. Diamond also discusses social security reform, with a focus on Germany.
Players of all ages will enjoy this bright and colourful memory card game featuring illustrations from the hughly popular We're going on a Bear Hunt book. The aim of the game is to collect the most matching pairs by remembering where the cards are located once turned upside down. Place all the cards facing downwards on the table and take turns to turn over the cards. If they match the pairs, i.e. 2 dogs, then that player wins the pair and takes another turn. If the pairs don't match, they are turned face down again and the next player continues.
This book will familiarize the interested investor with Swiss equity shares at a time when they are becoming an attractive investment. It provides a short historical perspective and shows how trends detrimental to the equity market were broken in the mid-1970s and early 1980s. The performance of the Swiss equity market over time is revealed and the main determinants of share price cycles are investigated. A brief description of the history, organization, and significance of all Swiss stock exchanges is provided. The book also provides all the information a dealer requires concerning procedures and costs, trading hours, and types of transactions, as well as quotation lists and samples of individual billings. It describes how to deal at a Swiss stock exchange and how to list a share there. Foreign investors are instructed as to how to deal with their tax situation, legal restrictions upon the transfer of shares, and the implications of Swiss banking secrecy. Swiss corporate finance reporting and accounting practices are explained and interpreted. An Appendix provides an analysis of the shares of leading Swiss companies.
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